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The Politics of Natural Resource Enclosure in South Africa and Ecuador

  • Melissa Hansen
  • Mine Islar
  • Torsten Krause
Publishing year: 2015
Language: English
Pages: 287-298
Publication/Series: Conservation and Society
Volume: 13
Issue: 3
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer

Abstract english

The paper examines the ways in which states facilitate 'new enclosures' of natural resources, and the challenges of this as a strategy of development and environmental sustainability. We argue that enclosures introduce significant changes in property regimes, which redefine conditions for the access and control of land and forest, especially for tribal and indigenous communities. In this context, we analyse two state-initiated projects-the iSimangaliso Wetland Park in South Africa, a UNESCO World Heritage site, and the Socio Bosque incentive conservation programme in Ecuador.


  • Human Geography
  • Environmental Sciences
  • Ecuador
  • South Africa
  • UNESCO World Heritage
  • iSimangaliso Wetland Park
  • financial incentives for conservation
  • protected areas
  • state-driven development
  • Enclosure


  • ISSN: 0975-3133
Torsten Krause
E-mail: torsten [dot] krause [at] lucsus [dot] lu [dot] se

Associate senior lecturer

LUCSUS (Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies)

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info [at] lucsus [dot] lu [dot] se