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Living without buffers-illustrating climate vulnerability in the Lake Victoria basin

  • Sara Gabrielsson
  • Sara Brogaard
  • Anne Jerneck
Publishing year: 2013
Language: English
Pages: 143-157
Publication/Series: Sustainability Science
Volume: 8
Issue: 2
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Springer

Abstract english

Exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity are essential, albeit theoretically vague, components of climate vulnerability. This has triggered debate surrounding how these factors can be translated into, and understood in, an empirical context subject to present and future harm. In this article, which draws on extensive fieldwork in the Lake Victoria Basin of Kenya and Tanzania, we illustrate how exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity play out in the context of climate vulnerability and discuss how they interact in situ. Using a mixed methods approach including survey data, rainfall data and a suite of participatory methods, such as focus groups and interactive mapping of seasonal calendars, we identify how climate-induced stressors affect smallholder farmers' well-being and natural resources. Drawing on the seasonal calendar as a heuristic, and climate vulnerability terminology, we illustrate when, where and how these climate-induced stressors converge to constrain farmers' livelihoods. Our analysis indicates that farmers in the basin face a highly uncertain future with discernible, but differentiated, adaptation deficits due to recurring, and potentially worsening, patterns of hardship.


  • Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
  • Climate vulnerability
  • Exposure
  • Sensitivity
  • Differential adaptive
  • capacity
  • Smallholder farmers
  • Lake Victoria Basin


  • ISSN: 1862-4057
Sara Brogaard
E-mail: sara [dot] brogaard [at] lucsus [dot] lu [dot] se

Senior lecturer

LUCSUS (Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies)

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P.O. Box 170, SE-222 70 Lund, Sweden
Phone: +46(0)46- 222 80 81
info [at] lucsus [dot] lu [dot] se