Menu

Javascript is not activated in your browser. This website needs javascript activated to work properly.
You are here

Mainstreaming risk reduction in urban planning and housing: a challenge for international aid organisations

Author:
  • Christine Wamsler
Publishing year: 2006
Language: English
Pages: 151-177
Publication/Series: Disasters
Volume: 30
Issue: 2
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

Abstract english

The effects of 'natural' disasters in cities can be worse than in other environments, with poor and marginalised urban communities in the developing world being most at risk. To avoid post-disaster destruction and the forced eviction of these communities, proactive and preventive urban planning, including housing, is required. This paper examines current perceptions and practices within international aid organisations regarding the existing and potential roles of urban planning as a tool for reducing disaster risk. It reveals that urban planning confronts many of the generic challenges to mainstreaming risk reduction in development planning. However, it faces additional barriers. The main reasons for the identified lack of integration of urban planning and risk reduction are, first, the marginal position of both fields within international aid organisations, and second, an incompatibility between the respective professional disciplines. To achieve better integration, a conceptual shift from conventional to non-traditional urban planning is proposed. This paper suggests related operative measures and initiatives to achieve this change.

Keywords

  • Architecture
  • risk reduction
  • disaster
  • developing countries
  • prevention
  • housing
  • urban planning

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 1467-7717

LUCSUS
P.O. Box 170, SE-222 70 Lund, Sweden
Phone: +46(0)46- 222 80 81
info [at] lucsus.lu.se